Lilac – Syringa vulgaris


General:  Syringa vulgaris is an upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub that is native to Europe. It is suckering by nature and matures to 12-16′ tall and 8-10′ wide.
Leaves: Heart shaped leaves 2-5″ and dark green to blue green in color.
Flowers:  Small, 4 lobbed flowers 1/3″, bloom in May on large conical panicles that are 6-8″. Color can range from white, rose, magenta, lavender to deep purple depending on variety. Flowers are very fragrant.
Attributes:  What it lacks in the fall, a large specimen or hedge of lilacs makes up for in the spring, with abundant fragrant, beautiful flowers.


Hardiness:  Zones 3- 7

Growing Conditions: Easy to grow in full sun for best flowering, but will tolerate some light shade. Average, medium moisture, well drained soils that are slightly acidic.

Maintenance:  For best flowering, remove spent flowers as soon as possible to prevent it going to seed. They love to sucker and will colonize if not kept in check.

Transplanting: Best when plants are smaller, larger shrubs can become top heavy and require staking to keep upright.

Our Experience

Experience at Great Hill

Best flowering occurs in full sun. If air circulation is poor, when the humidity of the late summer hits, powdery mildew will set in and make the foliage look pretty bad. In time this can take a toll on unhealthy specimens and they can succumb to disease or lilac borer. Tall shrubs in moist areas can tend to be pushed over or break under heavy snow. Keep them pruned down under 8′ and in full sun with good air circulation and they will do fine.


Lilac Bloom Data 2023

Plant NameBud BreakFull BloomBloom Drop
meyeri 'Palibin'May 17May 25June 9
patula 'Miss Kim'No bloom- agressive prune
hyacinthiflora 'Esther Staley'May 5May 18May 27
vulgaris (double Orchid)May 7May 16May 27
vulgaris (White)May 3May 18May 28
vulgaris 'Yankee Doodle'May 8May 18May 28
vulgaris 'Ludwig Spaeth'May 10May 18June 1


Lilac Bloom Data 2022

Plant NameBud BreakFull BloomBloom Drop
meyeri 'Palibin'May 16May 31June 8
patula 'Miss Kim'April 28May 16May 28
hyacinthiflora 'Esther Staley'April 20May 18May 29
vulgaris (double Orchid)May 9May 16May 25
vulgaris (White)May 9May 18May 29
vulgaris 'Yankee Doodle'May 9May 16May 30
vulgaris 'Ludwig Spaeth'May 11May 20May 31


Lilac Bloom Data 2021

Plant NameBud BreakFull BloomBloom Drop
meyeri 'Palibin'May 17May 24June 5
patula 'Miss Kim'April 26May 15May 28
chinensisMay 1May 25June 4
persicaApril 28May 21May 28
hyacinthiflora 'Esther Staley'April 26May 19May 30
vulgaris (double Orchid)May 4May 20May 30
vulgaris (White)May 3may 20May 28
vulgaris 'Yankee Doodle'May 6May 20June 2
vulgaris 'Ludwig Spaeth'May 4May 23June 4


Lilac Bloom Data 2020

Plant NameBud BreakFull BloomBloom Drop
meyeri 'Palibin'May 13June 2June 10
patula 'Miss Kim'May 2May 22May 26
chinensisMay 10June 2June 17
persicaMay 15May 26June 1
hyacinthiflora 'Esther Staley'May 3May 28June 10
vulgaris (double Orchid)April 23May 21June 13
vulgaris (White)April 21May 26June 9
vulgaris 'Yankee Doodle'April 21May 26June 6
vulgaris 'Ludwig Spaeth'April 21May 28June 9


Lilac Bloom Data 2019

Plant NameBud BreakFull BloomBloom Drop
meyeri 'Palibin'May 19June 6June 20
patula 'Miss Kim'May 2May 21June 6
chinensisMay 23June 13June 21
persicaMay 3May 23June 4
hyacinthiflora 'Esther Staley'May 3May 23June 13
vulgaris (double Orchid)April 23May 21June 13
vulgaris (White)April 23May 21June 6
vulgaris (double Pink)May 3May 28June 10


Lilac Bloom Data 2018

Plant NameBud BreakFull BloomBloom Drop
meyeri 'Palibin'May 11May 31June 14
patula 'Miss Kim'May 22May 29June 5
chinensisMay 18June 2June 17
persicaApril 29May 18June 2
hyacinthiflora 'Esther Staley'May 9May 18June 1
vulgaris (double Orchid)April 27May 15May 31
vulgaris (White)April 27May 15May 31
vulgaris (double Pink)May 9May 18June 1